15 Informational Facts About Jainism

In this article, we’ll discuss some important and enlightening facts related to Jainism, one of the oldest religions in the world. The religion that believes in the philosophy of “live and let live”.

Jainism Facts

1. The word “Jaina” literally means “follower of a jina,” which means “victor,” a person who has attained infinite knowledge and teaches others how to attain “moksha,” i.e., liberation from the cycle of rebirth.

2. Another name for “Jina” is “Tirthankara,” which translates to “ford builder,” i.e., a person who creates fords that enable people to bridge the ocean of suffering.

3. According to most scholars, there are supposed to be 24 tirthankaras. The first tirthankara was Rishabhadeva also known as Adinatha. 

4. Vardhamana was the 24th tirthankara and came to be known as Mahavira.

Lord Mahavira, The 24th Tirthankara of Jainism

Bhagwan Mahavira, The 24th Tirthankara.

5. Mahavira came from a Kshatriya aristocratic family, just as Gautam Buddha. His mother Trishala was the sister of the Videha King, while his father Siddhartha was the leader of the Jnatri tribe.

6. The jina, according to Jaina tradition, has avadhijnana, also known as superhuman cognition or psychic power, which allows him to detect far-off objects and predict the future.

7. In and around 300 BCE, the Jaina Sangha split into the Digambara (sky-clad) and Shvetambara (white-clad) factions, according to historians.

8. Ahimsa, or non-violence, is central to Jainism, and it is the first vow for renunciants as well as the laity.

9. The Jaina doctrine recognizes four main forms of existence: that of gods (deva), humans (manushya), hell beings (naraki), and animals and plants (tiryancha).

10. In Jainism, there are the “triratna,” or three gems:

Samyag-darshana: right faith

Samyag-jnana: right knowledge

Samyag-charitra: right conduct

11. Strict vegetarianism is the most important dietary rules for the followers of Jainism.

12. There are pancha-mahavrata, or the five great vows, for Jain monks and nuns. They are as follows:

Ahimsa: not to harm any living being

Satya: not to utter any falsehood
Asteya: not to steal

Brahmacharya: To lead a celibate life

Aparigraha: to call nothing one’s own

13. According to the Shvetambara tradition, Malli or Mallinatha, their 19th tirthankara, was a woman. But the Digambaras reject this tradition completely. The 19th tirthankara in their tradition was a man named Mallinatha, born into a royal family as a prince. After taking the vows of a Digambara monk, he eventually became a tirthankara.

14. Neminatha, the 22nd tirthankara belonged to the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. And the 23rd tirthankara Parshvanatha, was from Benares also known as Varanasi.

The 23rd tirthankara Parshvanatha of Jainism

Lord Parshvanatha, The 23rd Tirthankara.

15. Sharavana Belagola, a small town in the Channarayapatna taluk of Hassan district in Karnataka, is an important Jaina pilgrimage site. Its name derives from shramana, which means “ascetic” in Sanskrit, and bela-kola, which means “white tank” in Kannada. And Shravana Belagola is best known for its colossal 17.5-meter-high monolithic statue of the saint Gommateshvara, or Bahubali, the son of Adinatha, the first tirthankara.

I hope you have gained something new about Jainism from this article. Thanks for reading. Jai Hind.

You can also connect with me through Instagram- dontbignorant


Yash Sharma

Namaste reader, My name is Yash, and books for me are like a medicine, which removes my ignorance and also helps me in behaving more like a human.Though I live in the world’s largest democracy, India, but when I look around, I realized that this democratic nation of mine has turned into a kind of feudal oligarchy or kleptocracy, where people from a particular community or I would say particular surname has hijacked this democracy, and the political parties in India has turned itself into a kind of family enterprises where the family members are the only shareholders. And I want to change this, and books are a weapon which is helping me, so that I can help others and my nation.Shukriya for reading this Thought of mine.

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2 Responses

  1. Ritika says:

    Great article. Kudos to you for foraying into topics that are relatively unknown. Beautifully articulated. Congratulations.!
    Keep doing the good work. All the best.

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